加入聯合聲明:【呼籲中國政府尊重言論、新聞以及集會自由:停止使用暴力驅離、搜捕和平示威人士】 Joint Statement 【Respect Freedoms of Expression, Press and Assembly in China. Stop violent crackdown and arrests of peaceful protesters】

(臺北:2022.12.07)我們以下團體聯合發出聲明,要求中國政府恪守其憲法以及其為締約成員的聯合國《禁止酷刑和其他殘忍、不人道或有辱人格的待遇或處罰公約》的義務,並作爲《公民與政治權利國際公約》簽署國的承諾,尊重其人民的隱私、言論並和平集會與結社的自由,停止以暴力或法外手段,濫用刑典,對待行使其基本人權和自由的民眾。

由悼念新疆維吾爾自治區首府烏魯木齊火災引發的街頭集會和抗議活動,連日在中國多個城市蔓延,群眾表達對清零政策帶來的嚴厲封控措施以至對當權者的不滿,部份人士手持白紙,並訴求公民的人權與基本自由。這是典型的官逼民反,也是民眾對威權長期以高壓手段管治的必然反彈。

雖然部分地方政府宣佈緩和防疫措施,試圖為抗議活動降溫,但據悉,中國官方已在各地展開搜捕行動,部分被捕者更失去聯絡,恐怕已被強迫失蹤。我們亦注意到,警察正在干預律師介入個案,有律師受到當局警告不能參與個案,亦有律師的電話通訊受到阻截。警察也在街頭截查公民的電子器材,強迫他們刪除通話軟體以及與抗議有關的内容和照片。由於缺乏透明而可靠的官方資訊,我們極度關注有關情況可能達至的規模和嚴重性,同時呼籲國際社會繼續監督事態發展,並譴責所有與此次鎮壓有關的人權違反事件。

我們特別指出,中華人民共和國憲法除了第35條保障公民有「言論、出版、集會、結社、遊行、示威」的自由,第40條確認公民的通信自由和通信秘密受法律的保護外,第41條亦保障公民有向任何國家機關和國家工作人員,提出批評和建議的權利。中國的刑事訴訟法亦賦予犯罪嫌疑人和被告各種刑事程序上的保障和規範,包括家屬適時獲得通知、被告獲得律師代表及會見、公正審判的權利。中國在1988年批准的《禁止酷刑公約》亦嚴禁一切形式的酷刑和不人道對待。《公民與政治權利國際公約》第19條和21條分別保障表達自由和和平集會的權利。

就此,我們要求中國政府立即

1. 尊重憲法賦予的隱私權、和平集會和表達的權利和自由,確保警察的所有行動都符合國際準則,包括《聯合國執法人員使用武力與火器的基本原則》的規範。

2. 停止追捕因參與和平抗議的所有人士,並確保所有遭受暴力對待的人士得到有效的救濟。

3. 停止監控、騷擾、虐待、搜查和任意拘捕獨立報導抗議事件的記者和新聞自由捍衛者。

4. 公布因近日和平抗議而被扣押人員數目及其被指控罪名。

5. 確保相關被拘禁人士的家人獲得通知其所在及其被指控罪名。

6. 確保目前因此次抗議行動被拘禁人士的身心安全,並保障其基本權利包括會見及自行選任律師。

7. 停止干預、騷擾和恐嚇律師和法律專業人士,以及其他公開關注和接受相關案件委託者。

聯署(依英文名字母排序)

  1. 國際特赦組織

2. Article 19

3. 亞洲公民未來協會

4. 北京之春

5. 維吾爾運動

6. 改變中國

7. 中國政治犯關注

8. 對華援助協會

9. 中國人權捍衛者

10. Christian Solidarity Worldwide

11. 公民力量

12. 中國良心犯關注組

13. 台中好民文化行動協會

14. 民主中國

15. 對話中國

16. 財團法人陳文成博士紀念基金會

17. 自由之家

18. 前線衛士

19. 西藏台灣人權連線

20. Human Rights Now

21. 人權觀察

22. 人道中國

23. 香港民主委員會

24. 香港監察

25. 獨立中文筆會

26. 國際人民律師協會

27. 國際人權服務社

28. 國際西藏網路秘書處

29. 財團法人民間司法改革基金會

30. 民主中國

31. 社團法人華人民主書院協會

32. 無國界記者組織

33. 保護衛士

34. 自由西藏學生運動

35. 台灣廢除死刑推動聯盟

36. 台灣人權促進會

37. 台灣民間真相與和解促進會

38. 台灣永社

39. 台灣勞工陣線協會

40. 行動山棧花

41. 臺灣聲援中國人權律師網絡

42. The Rights Practice

43. 台灣聯合國協進會

44. 29原則

45. 西藏人權與民主中心

46. 西藏正義中心

47. 美國維吾爾族協會

48. 維吾爾人權項目

49. 世界維吾爾代表大會

========================================================

Joint Statement

Respect Freedoms of Expression, Press and Assembly in China

Stop violent crackdown and arrests of peaceful protesters

(Taipei, 2022–12–07) We, the undersigned, call on the Chinese government to strictly abide by its obligations under the Chinese Constitution and the United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, as well as its commitment as a signatory to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and respect peoples’ basic rights to privacy, freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly. The Chinese government should cease abusing the criminal code to detain peaceful protesters, harassing those who defend protesters’ rights, and immediately halt, investigate and prosecute any use of violence or extrajudicial measures by authorities against those who exercise their basic human rights and freedoms.

Over the past week, peaceful rallies and protests triggered by mourning the victims of the fatal fire in Urumqi have spread in a number of cities in China. People took to the streets to express their frustration with the severe lockdowns measures brought about by the zero-COVID policy. Some held white sheets of paper, expressed their discontent with the government or appealed for their human rights and fundamental freedoms. This set of protests is an example of people standing up to the repressive rule of an authoritarian regime.

Although some local governments have announced relaxed quarantine measures in an attempt to calm the protests, we understand that the Chinese authorities are at the same time cracking down on protesters across the country, and that some of those arrested have gone missing and are feared to have been forcibly disappeared. It has also come to our attention that the authorities are interfering with the protesters’ right to legal representation. Some lawyers have been warned by local authorities not to take up the cases, some others have had incoming calls to their mobile phones suddenly cut. Police have also stopped citizens on the street, inspected their electronic devices, and forced them to delete certain applications, content, and photos related to the protests on their phones. Given the lack of credible and transparent official information, we are extremely concerned about the possible magnitude and seriousness of the situation. We urge the international community to continue to monitor the situation and to condemn the ongoing rights abuses associated with the crackdown.

We would like to point out in particular that Article 35 of the People’s Republic of China Constitution guarantees citizens the freedom of “speech, press, assembly, association, procession, and demonstration,”; Article 40 protects citizens’ right to protection of and non-interference with their privacy of correspondence; and Article 41 stipulates that citizens have the right to criticize any state agency or staff and to make recommendations. China’s Criminal Procedure Law also guarantees the basic rights for suspects and defendants in the criminal process, including but not limited to the right to timely notification of family members, the rights to be represented and seen by lawyers, and the right to fair trial. The UN Convention against Torture, which China ratified in 1988, forbids all forms of torture and ill treatment. Article 19 and 21 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights furthermore enshrine the rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly.

In this regard, we call on the Chinese government to immediately:

1. Respect the rights to privacy and to freedoms of peaceful assembly and expression enshrined in the Constitution and international human rights law, and ensure all police responses are in line with international standards, including the United Nations Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials;

2. Stop pursuing persons involved in peaceful protests, and ensure that anyone subject to violations of their rights can seek effective remedy;

3. Stop surveilling, harassing, mistreating, searching and arbitrarily arresting journalists and press freedom defenders for independently reporting on the protests;

4. Publish the number of persons detained for taking part in peaceful protests; provide details of their alleged crimes;

5. Ensure that the family members of all those deprived of liberty are notified of their whereabouts and the charges made against them;

6. Ensure the physical and psychological safety and wellbeing of all those currently deprived of liberty on grounds related to the recent protests, and guarantee their rights, including to meet with a lawyer of their own choice; and

7. Stop interfering with, harassing and intimidating lawyers and legal professionals, human rights defenders, and others who openly express concern about the protesters or who defend the right to peaceful protest.

Co-signatories (in alphabetical order)

1. Amnesty International

2. Article 19

3. Asia Citizen Future Association

4. Beijing Spring

5. Campaign For Uyghurs

6. China Change

7. China Political Prisoner Concern

8. ChinaAid

9. Chinese Human Rights Defenders

10. Christian Solidarity Worldwide (CSW)

11. Citizen Power Initiatives for China

12. Concern Group for Prisoners of Conscience in China

13. Cosmopolitan Culture Action Taichung

14. Democratic China

15. Dialogue China

16. Dr. Chen Wen-chen Memorial Foundation

17. Freedom House

18. Front Line Defenders

19. Human Rights Network for Tibet and Taiwan

20. Human Rights Now

21. Human Rights Watch

22. Humanitarian China

23. Hong Kong Democracy Council

24. Hong Kong Watch

25. Independent Chinese PEN Center

26. International Association of People’s Lawyers

27. International Service for Human Rights

28. International Tibet Network Secretariat

29. Judicial Reform Foundation

30. MinZhuZhongGuo

31. New School for Democracy Association

32. Reporters Without Borders

33. Safeguard Defenders

34. Students for a Free Tibet

35. Taiwan Alliance to End the Death Penalty

36. Taiwan Association for Human Rights

37. Taiwan Association for Truth and Reconciliation

38. Taiwan Forever Association

39. Taiwan Labour Front

40. Taiwan Lily

41. Taiwan Support China Human Rights Lawyers Network

42. The Rights Practice

43. The Taiwan United Nations Alliance

44. The 29 Principles

45. Tibetan Centre for Human Rights and Democracy

46. Tibet Justice Center

47. Uyghur American Association

48. Uyghur Human Rights Project

49. World Uyghur Congress

Read more

退回國會權力擴張法案,抵禦公民空間緊縮危機。

退回國會權力擴張法案,抵禦公民空間緊縮危機。

亞洲公民未來協會(ACFA)透過研究、培訓、網絡建構與公眾教育,串聯台灣與東南亞公民社會,共同關注並致力於減緩東南亞公民空間緊縮趨勢。 過去我們關注過泰國刑法112條藐視君主罪對青年行動者的危害。我們談過馬來西亞社團法與大專法案賦予行政權過大權力而有害於結社自由。印尼新刑法修正案(New Penal Code)中則明文規定禁止侮辱總統和國家體制。我們已然見證這些法案對東南亞公民社會開展行動和倡議所造成的風險與負面影響。 令人遺憾地,在台灣三一八運動的十年之際,我們目睹包含《立法院職權行使法》在內一系列不透明、未經充分討論、危害言論自由的國會擴權法案,以不符合程序正義與違背民主程序的舉手表決形式被強行二讀與通過。 由於該法案新增許多模糊未加以定義且有罰則的內容,包含:「反質詢」、「虛偽陳述」與「藐視國會」等。我們相信該法案一旦通過,在未來極有可能造成公民社會與民間團體因自身倡議與言論而遭受不同形式處罰的情形。 我們認為這樣的法案內容與審議程序,已足證這是一個國會濫權法案,也是擴權法案,是民主倒退,也是公民空間緊縮的徵兆。我們與四十多個公民社會組織站在一起,呼籲立法院退回該法案,重

是青年參政還是家族王朝?印尼2024總統大直選修憲爭議彙整

是青年參政還是家族王朝?印尼2024總統大直選修憲爭議彙整

這期的台灣東南亞關注小組的每月彙整,我們關注東南亞最大的民主國家—印尼。 印尼過去幾個月來與該國總統大選相關的憲法法院裁定時程。今年2月14日,印尼舉辦了全世界最大的單日選舉,最後由普拉伯沃與吉伯朗高票黨選接下來五年的正副總統,然而,此次大選卻引發諸多爭議。除了新總統當選者普拉伯沃是過去強人總統蘇哈托任內人權迫害的加害者外,準副總統吉伯朗(時任梭羅市長)是現任總統佐科威的長子。按照印尼的《選舉法(No.7/2017)》,吉伯朗因未滿40歲,不符合參選正副總統的年齡門檻。然而,2023年10月,以Anwar Usman (安華烏斯曼)為首席大法官的印尼憲法法院裁定,將正副總統參選人的門檻修改為年滿40歲或是未滿40歲但曾擔任民選的官員或民意代表。此舉被視為幫助時任梭羅(Surakarta)市長的吉伯朗參選開路。憲法法院裁定此案時,時任首席大法官安華是總統佐科威的妹婿。 雖然2023年11月,印尼憲法法院道德小組宣布,由於安華未規避其在此事件中的利益衝突,此舉違反道德規範,因此被解除首席大法官的職位,然而,安華依然保有其大法官的職位。大選後不久,落選的兩名候選人針對憲法法院裁定候選人年

【座談】我在新加坡做記者

【座談】我在新加坡做記者

亞洲公民未來協會致力於連結台灣與東南亞公民社會,共同發展抵禦公民空間緊縮危機的策略。近年來由於區域公民空間緊縮,隨著壓迫性政府持續打壓區域內的公民社會組織與人權捍衛者,新聞自由的空間也持續不斷受到打壓。然而,區域內的人權捍衛者、獨立記者與媒體仍持續發展不同策略以延續他們的工作以捍衛基本人權。 在本次活動中,我們很榮幸邀請到新加坡獨立記者與長期致力於廢除死刑工作的人權捍衛者Kirsten Han 韓俐穎分享她的工作經驗與歷程。這場座談可以讓我們了解一位獨立記者如何在具有挑戰的環境持續採訪與製作具備深度與觀點的議題新聞。 關於講者 Kirsten Han 韓俐穎是一位新家坡的獨立記者與人權捍衛者。除了經營《We, The Citizen》電子報之外,她也是《Mekong Review》的總編輯。此外,Kirsten是新加坡公民社會組織Transformative Justice Collective (TJC)的成員,長期致力於廢除死刑以及終止掃毒戰爭。Kirsten是一位作家,她曾出版《The Singapore I Recognise: Essays on home, c